Alexander Nikitichna Sakharovskaya
People’s Artist of the RSFSR Alexander Nikitichna Sakharovskaya
She was born and lives in Buryatia. Here, in the south of Eastern Siberia, work, do what they love, raise children, and dream about the future of its heroes. Even the names of the main graphic series Sakharovskaya affirm the inseparable connection with the past and the present region, testify to the constancy of her interests, the fidelity of one, but a large and multifaceted topic. Sakharovskaya sang in linocuts according to the folk epic “Geser”, in the fundamental, multi-genre series “The History of an ulus”, “The Story of My People”, “The Buryat Sports”, “My Buryatia”, ” “Sayans”, “Everyday life”, “The land where the BAM passes”.
In the process of working on the series dedicated to Buryatia, the artist constantly studies the national culture of the autonomous republic, its revolutionary history, the traditions of the people, ancient customs, details of everyday life, and particularities of the costume. Alexandra Nikitichna believes that in each sheet objects, household utensils carry a great semantic load, help reveal the character of a person, the lyrical image. She explains her method in this way:
From all that I have seen – utensils, barns, hedges, houses, window frames, gates – I try to highlight the most characteristic, in order to emphasize the peculiarities of life in each district.
The primordial environment of the Buryat village in Sakharov’s compositions combines modern features – airplanes and helicopters, cars and agricultural machinery, steel trunks and new building silhouettes. The artist’s sheets are inspired by the life of people, an active rhythm. Specific places and people, certain relationships, the nature of work or sports leisure make up the content of engravings. Summarizing the full-scale impressions, composing from memory, the artist often introduces motifs taken from life in the series. And they show a complete image, give an accurate idea of the people of the mountain village, the concerns of the field camp, the removal of the national sports festival.
Buryatia is called a solar republic, “she says.” But even on the clearest day, when you go through the steppe, it’s all covered with haze, there are no sharp contrasts, the transitions are soft, figures, objects seem to merge with the environment. Lithography is better than other techniques to transmit this condition.
This condition is convincingly and poeticly conveyed by A. Sakharovskaya in the sheets “Hay mowing”, “Noon”, “In a mountainous area”, with love and excitement depicting her contemporaries and relatives – today’s toilers of Buryatia.