Altdorfer Albrecht Battle of Alexander at Issus
A sweeping Alpine landscape dominates a battle scene. Thе grand view emphasizes the importance of the battle that has just occurred, without focusing on it directly.
Altdorfer was one of the first artists to focus on the landscape, making it the most important element in the picture. A large panel dangles high above Alexander the Great in his horse-drawn chariot to the center-left of the composition. It tells the viewer that Alexander has gained a victory over Darius. The battle itself is shown in vivid detail, of which Altdorfer was a master. He was a prominent citizen and popular architect in his home town of Regensburg. Altdorfer is known to have taken a tour of the Danube and the Austrian Alps in 1511, and the scenery he encountered there no doubt confirmed his inclination towards the landscape. He produced a large number of drawings and engravings, many of them depicting pure landscape, without a story.