Artist of the RSFSR Shevchenko
Honored Artist of the RSFSR Shevchenko V.Ya.
The second half of the fifties in Soviet artistic glassmaking was marked by the appearance of a new artistic material-sulphide glass. It was invented in 1958 at the Leningrad Art Glass Factory and was soon mastered by the Krasny Mai factory of the Kalininskaya region, Dyatkovo Crystal and the factories of Ukraine.
The development of sulphide glass was an important event for the Dyatkovo Crystal Plant. In the palette of sulphide glasses, designed by the Leningrad engineer EA Ivanova, the plant’s technologists made their contribution: the glass of a noble blue-gray shade with a deep “velvet” texture. It was this glass that later served as the artist B.Ya. Shevchenko material for the creation of original works – vases, panels, lamps, which decorated not only the exhibition halls, but also the interiors of large structures, such as the new building of the Moscow Art Theater.
V. Ya. Shevchenko, now an Honored Artist of the RSFSR, got acquainted with sulphide glass as a student of the Higher Art and Industrial School named after. VI Mukhina in practical classes in the shops of the Leningrad Art Glass Plant, where it was still being mastered in production. He was able to see in the sulphide glass grateful material for experiments. Starting with the execution of individual objects from it, including those intended for mass production, such as the Fiddler, Flower, the Russian mugs, the Lions vases, V.Ya. Shevchenko went to the creation of large-scale plastic ensembles, using a décor of thick juicy naleps, seemingly spontaneously attacking one another. This processing of material allowed him to give a sulphide glass an original color-plastic interpretation. At the same time, each work turned out to be unique in terms of decorative expression. From the color-coded verbosity of early works, the artist turns to color monochrome, but complex in tone. Energetic, dense and deep, he receives a special plastic expression in the majestic forms of works.
Creative creativity for a number of works of V. Ya. Shevchenko was the wonderful creations of architects of Ancient Rus; they inspired a decorative set of vases “Suzdal”, a dish “Nerl”, a souvenir “Domes”, a series of wall panels “Recollection”. Decorative plastic V.Ya. Shevchenko, consonant with modern architecture (composition “Banners”, sets of vases “Winter”, “Spring”, “New Moon” and others), brings together artistic glasswork with other various types of plastic arts.
The artist works fruitfully and with crystal, performing samples for pressing. They are distinguished by the simplicity and rigor of the forms, underlined by the discreet decor.
The works of V. Ya. Shevchenko performed at the Dyatkovo Crystal Plant received wide artistic and public resonance not only in the Soviet Union, but also abroad, and brought a number of honorary awards to the staff of the plant.
The creative handwriting of Mirona Grabar, a graduate of the Uzhhorod Art College, is marked by a high culture of design and a special grace of his embodiment in the material. Her field of interest is a massive colorless crystal, decorated with a deep diamond face.
The artist’s works are distinguished by strict elegance of honed forms, organic fusion with them of a unique decor composition.
M. V. Grabar uses more than one, rarely two elements of a diamond face, achieving with the aid of laconic means of an impressive artistic result. A subtle understanding of the nature of the material, the ability to reveal the richness of its decorative properties with the greatest completeness contributed to the creation of works marked by a shade of novelty. A special solemn mood attract ensembles of crystal shtofs – “Royal”, “Crown”, “Izmoroz”, decorative set “Red October”, decorated with ribbons of scarlet flowering. Beautiful and graceful is the big service for the restaurant “Benefit” (1966), made of fine and smooth crystal, decorated with a wittyly found guttural reception.
With the names of V. Ya. Shevchenko and M. V. Grabar, whose works characterize the relentless search, a new stage in the development of artistic thought is associated not only with the Dyatkovo plant, but also with the scale of all Soviet artistic glassmaking.