Clothing of Siberia

Clothing of Siberia

Clothing of Siberia

Nenets women’s fur coat. Fur, cloth. The beginning of XX century.

Siberia – it is not only Yakut, Russian, Buryat … It is – and Ukrainian, Belarusian, Azerbaijani, Turkmen – national, all-Union Siberia. In fact, Siberia is written and spoken now in all languages, on all the talents of our Union – the Union of Republics and the Creative Union. Modern gave the Siberian – gave great construction sites, given industrial and field, visibly lay down and in the distance art …

Clothing of Siberia

Nenets bag. Fur. cloth, mosaic. The beginning of XX century.

In Siberia, you can not do without warm fur garments, so it was the artistic processing of furs that became an interesting kind of arts and crafts of the peoples of Siberia: Evenki, Nenets, Nganasan, Dolgan … Fur products not only protected the person from frost, but also pleased the eye, tired of snowy whiteness , its decorative color.
Siberian masters sew fur and fur mittens, hoods and stubs, carpets and bags. The pile near the kamus is low and smooth, so a fur mosaic is made from it. Of contrasting in color pieces – brown, silvery-gray, white – cut out all kinds of shapes and stitched together. In the mosaic created by an experienced craftsman, the fur lays a hair to the hair, and the seams are almost indistinguishable. I can not believe that the ornamental strip is made of individual pieces!

Clothing of Siberia

Dolgan torbas. Camus, cloth, beads, embroidery. The end of the XIX century.

Very effective is the embroidery of the deer’s hair. The fur beneath his chin is thick, the hairs long, dazzlingly white and shiny. Most often they are embroidered on rovdug – deer suede. A bunch of hair is taken to the base by stitches of threads, and a snow-white embossed seam is obtained. Such embroidery gives the product a completeness, it is well combined with fur mosaic, and with a painting on rovdug.
The secret of the beauty of Siberian fur products in their color harmony, in the variety and contrasts of textures. Craftsmen skillfully combine short-haired smooth furs and soft velvety rovdugu with shaggy voluminous fringes from skins of polar fox, fox, wolverine, dog, sable. They make such products with beads, embroidery, colorful inserts and appliqués from cloth. Skilful finishing emphasizes the natural beauty and originality of each type of fur, which seems to set the tone for the whole product. Look at the illustration: in Dolgan crochets, the brown kamus contrasts with bright embroidery with beads, and the Nenets fur coat is decorated with cloth ribbons: the bands of golden and white fur rhythmically alternate with insets of colored cloth.
The nature of Siberia prompted the craftsmen and motives for working with fur. In sewed from kamus round rugs impressed Evenki image of the dull northern sun: dark and light strips of fur, alternating, diverge from the center like the sun’s rays. And women, dolgans, sewing to the fur of pieces of red and blue cloth, depicted the northern lights.
Many types of national fur garments have now moved from everyday life to museums, but the Siberian traditions of artistic fur processing are now being carefully studied. The age-old experience of folk craftsmen tells the artists how to decorate our winter clothes, and for fur carpets and souvenirs there will always be a place both in the exhibition and in a modern apartment.