Collection of watercolors Guards crew
Collection of watercolors Guards crew
A gift to the Empress from the Guards Crew is a collection of magnificent watercolors, drawings and drawings made on separate sheets of paper and placed in a specially made case stylized as an album. The case in the size 55x40x10, 5 cm is made of wood and is covered from the outside with blue skin. Inside the case is covered with white moire silk. The upper lid is richly decorated: in the center is a heraldic composition of shields with state emblems of the Russian Empire and the Kingdom of Denmark, crowned with the imperial crown with blue Andreev ribbon. Under the coats of arms – images of the orders of St. Andrew the First-Called and St. Catherine.
The medal chain and ribbon, covered with enamel, unite the composition into a single whole, symbolizing the union of the Russian Emperor Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna, nee Danish princess Maria-Sophia-Frederiki-Dagmar. At the corners of the cover of the album there are overhead bronze ornaments with floral ornaments, in the center of which are monograms of Russian emperors: Peter I, Alexander I. Alexander II, Alexander III, and dates: 1710. 1810, 1860, 1892.
From that time until March 1918, it existed at the court of the Russian emperors. Gradually, the team expanded to provide naval trips to the imperial family, to carry out coastal and guard duty, to participate in combat campaigns, remaining the oldest team in the Russian fleet.
A little earlier, in the village of Preobrazhensky near Moscow, two yachts were built by soldiers of the “amusing” regiments of Peter the Great – Preobrazhensky and Semenovsky.
The main reason for the establishment of a permanent rowing team was the location of the rapidly-built St. Petersburg. By 1710 the team of oarsmen had acquired some organizational harmony and order, which makes it possible to consider this year the time of the establishment of the Court rowing team.
The rowers of the court rowing team received colored velvet or cloth caftans, trimmed over the collar, cuffs and sides with gold galloon; Camisoles and pants to the knees. The suit was complemented by a white bow tie and a black or red velvet cap with a golden tassel cap. A special round breastplate served as a sign of the distinction of court rowers from other ranks of the fleet.
The Empress Elizabeth Petrovna paid special attention to the ranks of the court rowing team: rowers were increased by salaries, they ordered a luxurious new form of velvet and silk, new hats-caps, which according to the definition of Admiralty College on August 27, 1747 required “… lay one anchor from a narrow pozumena ». The rowers, who were still carrying her father Peter I, were placed in Tsarskoe Selo with a pension.
After the death in January 1892 of the Grand Admiral Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich, Alexander III, “the highest order for the Naval Department on the ranks of the military,” appoints his wife Empress Maria Fyodorovna from July 22, 1892 as the chief of the Guards Cavalry. Long before this appointment, Maria Fedorovna had the opportunity to communicate and meet with the crew. The crew of the Guards crew first welcomed her in Fredensborg while engaged to the future Emperor Alexander III. Two years before that, in 1863, the crew had first met her in Copenhagen.
Alexander II in 1860, on the 50th anniversary of the Guards Crew, set the day of the crew’s feast on December 6 – the day of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker – the patron saint of seamen, which was then celebrated annually.
Officers of the crew after the appointment of Empress Maria Feodorovna his boss order a gift album, the one that served as an excuse for this essay, and presented it to her on the day of the regimental feast.
For the first time such an image of an eagle we meet on the ship’s imperial imperial standard, Peter I, approved in 1703, when Russia in the course of the Great Northern War fortified itself in the mouth of the Neva, thus gaining access to the Baltic Sea.
Watercolors depicting yachts, boats, frigates, cruisers in the album 17, they all have author’s signatures and are executed by the hand of professional marine painters.
So, for example, the brush of Alexander Karlovich Beggrov (1841 – 1914) belongs to the images of yachts “Friendship”, “Standard” and “Polar Star”, the cruiser of the 1st rank “The Duke of Edinburgh”.
The level of professional skill of artists – the authors of the album is very high. The works were also commissioned by Lev Feliksovich Lagorio (1827-1905) and Mikhail Stepanovich Tkachenko (1860-1916). LF Lagorio graduated from the Academy of Arts, from 1860 became its professor, since 1900 – an honorary member of the Academy. He was a participant in the Russo-Turkish war. MS Tkachenko is also a graduate of the Academy of Arts, later – the Chief Artist of the Maritime Department.
All sheets of the album are gilded on the edge, most of them have in one corner a stamp with an English inscription about the highest quality cardboard firm “Board” in London and Bristol and the image of the shields. On the inside of the fastener stands the brand “P. Ovchinnikov.” Pavel Akimovich Ovchinnikov founded the famous factory of gold and silverware in 1853. In 1882, he received the title of court supplier.