Folk art of Estonia
In the folk art of Estonia the traditional and most common form of creativity is the artistic textile. Woven, embroidered, knitted objects formed the basis of folk costume, which In spite of its small territory, Estonia was very diverse and
about 150 types.
Embroidery was very popular in the old rural life of Estonia and was especially widely used in folk costume. For the south of Estonia, a geometric pattern is typical, while in the northern regions the vegetation is most typical. In the western regions of Estonia and on the islands, one and the other type of pattern are found. Embroidered woolen bedspreads of fabrics large coarse blanket stitches, used as a comb wool thread. His motif is a canopy for sledges in bridal and consists of bundles of large rasstrazdnichnye trips, give a cartoon and branches. Composition is the ability to get acquainted with Odrichna.
One of the kinds of embroidery used on the island of Muhu. The interpretation of the vegetable pattern is devoid of stylization and repeats the existing natural forms. The pattern is embroidered on a billet or homespun
Woven blankets of blankets are common in modern life. They are created for folk motives artists together with performing artists. In some cases, the woven pattern is decorated with glossy embroidery.
The embroidery with woolen threads, characteristic for the island of Mukhu, due to its decorative qualities and pattern decor, is widely used in decorating modern objects of residential interior and is used in the details of a suit (bed-clothes, slippers, blouses, gloves, stockings).
For products knitted on needles and crochet, high culture of performance, compositional clarity and constructiveness of various ornamental solutions are characteristic. Folk masters work in close contact with fashion designers, skillfully combining Traditional art with modern cut and silhouette clothes.
Folk clothes were decorated with silver and metal ornaments in the form of buckles-fasteners, chains, large breastplates (so-called sakt).
Modern jewelers widely use traditional forms of jewelry and their processing techniques. The forms of jewelry are simple and logical. Products are sparingly decorated with engraving, embossing. Decorative chain-necklaces have different patterns of weaving. In the past, simple metals were used. Now various principles of weaving are used in the creation of gold and silver products.
Among the traditional types of folk art from household items continue “Live” wooden beer mugs, wicker boxes and caskets of roots, vines and bast.