Folk art of Lithuania
Folk art of Lithuania. An honorable place in the Lithuanian folk art is wooden sculpture. Its origins date back to the time when roadside chapels and chapel-pillars were built. These small architectural structures were unique examples of folk art, and almost all of them had sculptural images of wood.
Now this living tradition has found its new revival in the collective construction of memorial places such as Ablinga, the road of Ciurlionis and others, which are monumental sculptural compositions carved from solid tree trunks and combined into large outdoor ensembles.
Modern folk masters have expanded the themes of their work. They began to depict their contemporaries, people of labor, characters of fairy tales, to devote songs to festive folk festivals. Their best works are characterized by imagery,
poetry, folk humor The house of the Lithuanian peasant was filled with all sorts of household objects made of wood,
some of which have survived now and are used on the farm.
Other items now have only a souvenir purpose.
An example of this – elegant carved plaques, symbolizing an old spinning wheel, spoons, shelves for towels.
Manual weaving of linen and woolen yarn has much in common with Belarusian, Latvian products of the same type.
Their relationship is determined by the use of natural color of flax – bleached and severe, the technological capabilities of a hand-held machine, utilitarianity of the same type of woven items. At the same time, the products of the Lithuanian masters distinguish the originality of the compositions, the geometric construction of the pattern, the unusual interpretation of the details of the drawing.
Woven silk or linen bands with brushes find great demand in the republic. They are often used as a souvenir, and they are also decorated with wedding ceremonies and other festivities.
Pottery in the Republic has its long traditions. The forms of folk dishes are simple, weighty and emphatically utilitarian.
Transfusions of warm golden and brown tones are soft and modest, the painting by engobe and colored glaze is somewhat naive and does not hold on to the form. A special group is the black-polished pottery in the Varėna district, which has “its own brothers “in Belarus, the western regions of Ukraine, and Moldavia.
From forged metal, folk masters, in addition to products for purely utilitarian purposes, created a kind of pommel on the roadside table of a chapel in the form of so-called “suns”.
Modern artists, drawing on the experience of old masters, perform decorative compositions for the design of public interiors.
Wicker wares from vines and roots have always been in use in the economy of the Lithuanian people.
They continue to use them now. Folk craftsmen, mastering the traditional techniques of weaving, create comfortable, beautiful and original items for decorating the modern interior.
Lithuanian products made of amber attract attention not so much by the variety of plastic solutions as by the beauty of the material itself, in which the hand of the master was able to reveal and emphasize the richness of tonal combinations.
Cuttings from paper with intricate fine silhouette drawings in the past were decorated with window and pane glass. Modern masters, continuing to develop the finest technique of cutting a paper pattern, create wall decorations
for residential and public interior.