History of old believers icon-painting of the Urals

History of old believers icon-painting of the Urals

The Virigin of the three hands. 1835

History of old believers icon-painting of the Urals

Narrative and documentary literature on the history of old believers icon-painting in the industrial settlements of the Urals in the 18th – early 19th centuries.
The extracts from historical and literary works including old believers’ manuscripts and contemporary records on the history of icon-painting in the industrial settlements of the Urals are presented here (the majority of them come out as the first publications).

History of old believers icon-painting of the Urals

The three part icon

The extracts are provided with brief textological notes, archaeographical descriptions of each source-book and detailed commentaries on the subject of publication (terminology, personalities etc.). All these materials taken as a whole enhance greatly the possibilities of analysing the preserved to this day works of art, icons and icon-drawings in particular. The writings contain valuable information on the ways of forming and development of old believers’ icon-painting in the Urals, the historical and cultural background of this process, the local centres of icon-painting, the painters and their works. Basing on the published texts one can clearly trace the influence of Volga Region and, perhaps, Moscow Armoury schools of painting on the Urals’ icon-painting tradition in its early period. This tradition is obviously related with the art of painting on wood and metal plates, which at the same time became widely practiced in the industrial settlements. It is important to note that in the Urals not only the customers but very often the icon-painters as well belonged to the commercial and craftsmanship strata of society. This fact brings about one more characteristic feature of local icon- painting school — its dependence on cultural and social demands of the middle class, which in the industrial Urals included except townsfolk and well-to-do trading countrymen the population of numerous mining and metallurgical settlements.

History of old believers icon-painting of the Urals

The saint George and dragon