Hutsul Pysanka

Hutsul Pysanka

IA Semchuk with his sons. Hereditary master

Hutsul Pysanka

In Hutsulshchina they write pysankas in almost every village. But in each of them they write in their own way, everywhere their favorite ornament and color. At the present time there are several such centers of pysankarstvo. This is Kosmach and adjacent villages: Zamagorov, Yavorov, Vizhenka and others. Due to the power of artistic expressiveness, the nature of the image, decorative rhythm and genre compositions, Zamagorov pisanki can be regarded as one of the brightest and most original works of Hutsulytsyn’s folk art.

The village of Zamagorov is located in the heart of the Verkhovyna district, among the forested hills-giants, dark green near, gradually bluoming somewhere in the distance and almost drowning in the pink haze of the snow-white peaks of mountain ranges. Everywhere on the slopes of the mountains, among the emerald green in the summer and the velvety-buffy autumn polonium are the wooden hutsul huts, to which, like thin spiders, they lead narrow paths. Particularly beautiful in Zamagorovo in the spring, when nature blossoms blossom. Gently-green poloninas are covered with a fairy-tale garment, violet-red with a yellow tinge. And before us, as a reflection of this picture, there are zamagorovskie pysanka, which so clearly captured the beauty of the Carpathian landscape.
Pisankarstvo in Hutsulshina are mainly women – it requires lightness of hand and accuracy of reproduction of the picture. But there are master masters, who have mastered this complex kind of folk art. In the village of Zamagorov stands pisankar Ivan Alekseevich Semchuk. A native of this village, he managed to preserve and pass on to our contemporary the traditions of Zamagorovo pisanka. His pysanki – like frozen poetic landscapes, they conquer the richness of fantasy and the subtlety of the compositional flair. On his pysanka next to traditional horses, deer, flowers. The basic divisions of the surface of the pysanka on the ornamental fields by IA Semchuk are made clearly, almost with jeweler precision, and at the same time easily and at ease, which speaks of the artist’s high skill. In the main there are longitudinal divisions of the egg, although there are transverse and longitudinally transverse. On the planes of division, the master freely possesses the system of ornamentation that has developed over many centuries, in which the ancient traditions of Hutsul art are embodied. This is evidenced by the names and the pisanachs themselves, and the motifs of the painting.
Semchuk pisankens often have images of the animal world.

Hutsul Pysanka

M. K. Nykorak. Pisanky. 1980

In zamagorovskoy pysanka distinctly visible and the connection with the architecture of the mountaineers. In such pisankas as “ponuzhka” – belt, “lancium” – chain, “hrestat” – cross-shaped, “pozzdovozhno-skisna” – longitudinally inclined, “on hanging hammock” – on eight sides, you can see numerous geometric motifs: “crooked”, “crenellated”, “triclinic”, “forty clamps” and other elements similar to architecture, characteristic of Hutsul architecture.
Ivan Alekseevich widely uses also the motif of the “pine” – an evergreen climbing plant growing on moist soil. This theme originates from the special relationship of our ancestors to vegetation, the motives of which were used in ancient times for symbolic images of the mythological “heavenly serpent”; this image, according to the ideas of the time, symbolized life. Pisankar very fond of drawing the motif “endless” – an extremely original element in the form of a wavy strip that came to us from Tripoli culture. There are other names of Easter eggs, such as “chichka with fasulkami” – a flower with beans, “casing” (longitudinal and transverse), “cross” – cross, “kolysochka” – swing and others. Many names come from the names or external appearance of a person – “katerinka”, “kucheryavka”, “parasochka.”
The original and color of Zamagorovskaya pysanka, which in our time so vividly represents the work of Semchuk and many craftsmen of Kosmach, who continue the ancient traditions. Yellow-ocher paint in combination with purple spots and dark red flowers, emerald green leaves on a dark brown background resembles the lushly flowering poloninas that stretch around the villages of Zamagorov and Kosmach. It is characteristic that the pysankar makes yellow paint in an ancient way from the bark of a wild apple tree and thereby gives his pysanka a pleasant velvet-golden hue. Semchuk in the prime of his creative powers. He has students to whom he conveys his rich experience, in them he sees the continuers of his work, the future of folk art. Writes pisanka and his son Ivas. The youth of Kosmacha also learns the art of pysanka from the oldest masters.