Memorial museum-apartment Vasnetsov
Memorial museum-apartment Vasnetsov Apollinary Mikhailovich. In the house number 6 on the Furmanny lane is the Memorial Museum-Apartment of Apollinaria Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. Here he lived the last thirty years of his life (1903-1933), worked here and died.
Apollinarius Vasnetsov entered the history of Russian art of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as a landscape painter of the lyrical epic plan, “… with a clearly emphasized love for the unusual, the majestic, for nature, full of legends and bylinas, with signs of human struggle and labor.” These words, said by the famous Soviet painter KF Yuon, best characterize the work of AM Vasnetsov. Wide popularity was brought to the artist by his works on the themes of Russian history. With scientific certainty, AM Vasnetsov recreated the appearance of ancient Russian cities in his canvases. The idea of creating a museum-apartment AM Vasnetsov arose in 1956, the year of the century from the date of his birth. The basis of the collection were paintings, archive, furnishings and personal belongings of the artist, transferred to the museum by his son – Vsevolod Apollinarevich Vasnetsov.
In 1965, the Memorial Museum-Apartment as a branch of the Museum of History and Reconstruction of Moscow was opened to visitors. Small in size, but rich in content the museum attracts great attention of Soviet and foreign visitors.
The exposition of the museum occupies four rooms. They show a variety of material, telling about the life and creative ways of the artist. In the former office of AM Vasnetsov landscape works of the painter are placed. It also exhibits carved oak furniture, made in the 1910’s by the drawings of Apollinary Mikhailovich.
Apollinar Mikhailovich was born on August 6, 1856 (July 25, old style) in a small remote village of Ryabov, Vyatka province (now the Kirov region).
Love for painting was manifested in the artist’s future very early. The museum presents early drawings on the basis of which A. M. Vasnetsov in 1918-1919 created a series of interesting watercolors “My Motherland”. They give an idea of the village of Ryabov and its environs, where both brothers grew up – the famous Russian Vasnetsov artists: the elder Victor and the younger Apollinarius.
Apollinarius began to learn how to draw from the artist E. Andriolli, exiled to Vyatka after the Polish uprising of 1863-1864. Communication of a young man with a participant in the insurrection, with a member of the Vyatka Narodnik circle, could not but affect the formation of his worldview. Vasnetsov was carried away by the ideas of Narodism, passed the examinations for the title of national teacher and went to teach in the village of Bystrica of Vyatka province. From this time the picture “The Ideal Village of the Future” (1876) is preserved. “… It is a pity only to live in this beautiful time, I will not have to either me or you …” – he writes in the picture the words of the great poet NA Nekrasov.
In 1878 Vasnetsov left for Moscow to his elder brother Victor. Under the guidance of his brother, who was in fact his first true teacher, Apollinarius Vasnetsov worked hard and hard. The development of the painter’s talent was greatly influenced by close contact with members of the famous Abramtsevo circle, especially with I. E. Repin and V. D. Polenov.
Since the beginning of the 1980s, Apollinarius Vasnetsov has participated in the exhibitions of the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions, and since 1888 he has become a member of this society.
In 1900, AM Vasnetsov received the title of academician of painting, and was soon elected a full member of the Russian Imperial Academy of Arts. In 1901, after the death of I. I. Levitan, A. M. Vasnetsov was invited to direct the landscape class to the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, where he taught for 17 years. In Vitria, dedicated to the pedagogical activity of AM Vasnetsov, documentary photographs of this period are exhibited.
A. M. Vasnetsov traveled a lot. The artist recalls: “… They brought me up as a landscape painter, mainly my travels and trips at home and abroad …” In the museum you can see a geographical map on which the points where Apollinaris Mikhailovich visited and wrote sketches; personal belongings, which the artist used in his travels. Here are the impressions of his literary and scientific works, as well as the book “Art”, published in 1908. The landscapes of the Urals, the Caucasus, the Crimea, Ukraine, the Orenburg steppes, and the Moscow suburbs are interesting.
The former drawing room of the artist has now become the room of an architectural landscape, here are presented scientific materials, sketches, sketches and paintings dedicated to old Moscow. Before recreating the appearance of the ancient city, LM Vasnetsov studied the chronicles, ancient plans and descriptions of travelers-foreigners of the XVII century for a long time. And only after that I made sketches for the future picture.
In the historical works of Apollinaria Vasnetsova, the main role always belongs to architecture. The appearance of the ancient city on its canvases is depicted in various historical times. Draws attention to a small picture “Visjit. Old Moscow “(1904), made with coal and slightly tinted with watercolor. Strong impression is produced by the big picture “The Moscow prison. The end of the 16th century ”
A remarkable series of sketches dedicated to the architectural monuments of ancient Moscow, which survived until the 1930s. These sketches, painted by the artist in the last years of his life, are remarkable for the joyful and bright colors.
A deep study of materials allowed AM Vasnetsov to become not only the creator of historical canvases, but also a recognized authority in the history of the Leningrad Region. Many of his works on this subject are printed.
In a small bright room – a former dining room, which later became a workshop, the entire interior was restored, as it was during the life of the painter.
On the desktop – sketchpad, palette, brushes, antiques, favorite by the artist: a 17th-century undergarment – a box for storing money and valuables, an ancient copper candlestick made by hand. On the easel stands the canvas “Gontsy. Early in the morning in the Kremlin. Early XVII century »
(1913). Here, one of the first compositions of the artist – a work on the mythological theme: “Iphageia in Tauris” (1887). Apollinar Mikhailovich has shown great interest in astronomy since childhood. Subsequently, he became a founding member of the Moscow Society of Amateurs of Astronomy. On the theme of a solar eclipse, he painted three paintings. The museum houses the “Solar Eclipse of 1887 on the Vyatka River”.
A. M. Vasnetsov was an excellent theatrical decorator. After the design of Mikhail Mussorgsky’s opera Khovanshchina, Apollinar Mikhailovich made a number of sketches of scenery for other Russian operas, which were staged on the stages of state and private theaters.
Apollinary Mikhailovich also had paintings of a philosophical and romantic character, including his last painting “The noise of the old park. All in the past “(1926). Written by the artist in the year of his seventieth birthday, it seems to sum up his life’s path.
On the easel easel there is an unfinished sketch from the cycle “Old Moscow”. This is the last work done by Apollinari Mikhailovich Vasnetsov.
Memorial museum-apartment Vasnetsov Apollinary Mikhailovich
WINTER Dream 1908-1914 Oil on canvas
Landscape “Winter Dream” is of a fabulously romantic character. The artist depicts the evening sunset. Reflections of lemon-orange sunlight fall on the blue drifts. Heavy snow caps cover the branches of trees. The forest, bound by the winter cold, gradually sinks into darkness. The feeling of mystery and fantasy is inherent in the picture.
THE CROWN OF RIABOVO VIEW FROM THE WINDOW OF THE TABLE. AUTUMN
Landscape “Village Ryabovo” – a sheet from the series of watercolors “My Motherland”. The work is done by original technique: watercolor on fixed coal. A leaf depicts the village where the painter was born and grew up.
From the window of the house you can see the far expanses of fields, meadows and coppices that go to the horizon. Under the window there is a bright variegated autumn foliage. With amazing skill, the clear, cold sky and the transparency of the autumn day are transmitted.
The entire series “My Motherland”, consisting of nine watercolors, is very lyrical, written by the artist with great warmth and love for his homeland-Vyatka.
CLOUD AND GOLDEN DOME (formerly SIMON MONASTERY) 1920s. Canvas, oil
Beautifully located on the high bank of the floodplain of the Moscow River, the former Simonov Monastery is a magnificent architectural monument of the 16th-17th centuries. At one time it was a defensive outpost of the Moscow state. Glittering in the sun the golden domes of the monastery in white-gray clouds, floating against the bright blue sky, are beautifully painted by the artist.
HOUSE b. ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY ON BERSENEVKE XVII CENTURY 1923 Oil on canvas
In this bright decorative canvas, the artist captured the stone chambers on the Bersenevskaya embankment, which once belonged to the Duma deacon Averky Kirillov. This is one of the few civil buildings of the XVII century, preserved in Moscow to the present day. In the XIX century, this house with the late perestroika was occupied by the Moscow Imperial Archaeological Society, of which AM Vasnetsov was a full member. The artist often visited stone chambers, knew their history well.
GATES IN THE BATHROOM CHAPSOZVON. Selo KOLOMENSKOYE 1927 Oil on canvas
The history of the village of Kolomenskoye, the formerly suburban patrimony of the Russian tsars, goes back to the distant past. For the first time the village is mentioned in the testament of Ivan Kalita in 1339. The architectural ensemble was formed in the XVI XVII centuries. A. Vasnetsov often visited there. In the front gate at the top of Chasvozna tower for A. Vasnetsov was assigned a room where he lived when he came to write etudes. This place is an artist and depicted on the canvas. Through the opening of the gate you can see the base of the tower.