Mordovian caskets

Mordovian caskets

At the hollow well. Village Pronzino Spassky County Penza province.

Mordovian caskets

ORDER IN ORDER OR IN THE HOUSE

According to the condition of the tubs, it was possible to determine the well-being of the rural farmstead. Kadushki in order – order and in the house. If they were lying around the house, they were drying up, which meant that the farm was in decline.

Until the mid-1970s, small quantities of kadushki were made by rural cooperatives. They could be ordered by a local craftsman or purchased at a bazaar. Manufactures involved in the manufacture of barrels, tubs, vats, buckets, were available in processing plants.
Cooperative fishing originated in the Mordovian region in the second half of the 17th century with the development of potash production. Even the unit of measurement of potash was a barrel. In Petrine times, in the territory of present-day Mordovia, over 1000 barrels of potash were produced on 20 harts. In the staffing of hired workers it was prescribed to have barrels (coopers).

Mordovian caskets

Bondari. The Penza province. Early 1920’s.

Cooper was considered a highly qualified specialist. So, on the Pichkryaevsky Maidan, a bochkar was paid 6 rubles, 10 quarters of rye, 3.5 quarters of oats, 3 poods of salt. For this fee, he was obliged to make 120 barrels, as well as wooden buckets, bakery for bakery, tubs and watering cans as needed.
According to the census of 1897, there were 1,886 people in Mordovia. Many of them lived in the Saransk district-in Bolshevyas and Beloklyuchevsky volosts.
The legendary fishery was also spread in the Krasnoslobodsky district, especially in the village of Zheltonogov.
The main material for bonded products was oak. It was bought by chureks from 3 to 8 arshins long, with plaques, trees, wagons and even on the vine – days.
The material was prepared for the entire working period, long before it began. usually in June, so that it is sufficiently dry. Often, the material was bought in debt, with lat in September and October, that is, after the sale of products.

Mordovian caskets

Trade of barrels and lohany in the bazaar in Torbeevo. Photo 1925.

In the spring and summer, the coopers worked in the yards under the awnings, and in winter and in the autumn – in residential huts. Special workshops were rare.
The fishery demanded a considerable number of various tools and adaptations, a complete set of which had fewer bonds. The list of cooper cooperative instruments included at least 20 units.
In addition, the more diverse the product, the more diverse the tool was used for manufacturing. In addition to the usual polar carpenter’s tools, there was also a special cooperage, for example, a bench bench,
szlachta fuganok, striga, calf “, zautornik, pulling. For the father-in-law of plaques called rivets or barreled “canes,” knives of different shapes were used.

Mordovian caskets were made by rural cooperatives