You can bring a lot of places where the craftsmen lived, which they only could not do: this is the famous Khokhloma (the display of reproductions, items) for the whole world, and the glorious city of Gorodets, these are magnificent bone products and magical Vologda laces.
The masters who did these things put so much skill and taste into their making that now they are collected in a museum and we can admire them as works of folk art.
Many crafts have already been forgotten, much has been lost … and our task is to remember, restore and revive these losses so that in the future other generations could see and feel what their ancestors were capable of.
All the things sewn and decorated with a girl were folded into a large trunk, which was painted especially brightly and solemnly, although it was shown only once – on the day of the wedding.
Bright painted sledges to the carnival raced from the high Permgorian coast.
Considering the products of masters in the museum, we notice that some things are entirely covered with flowers and leaves, on others – bright cockerels, birds of Sirina, everyday scenes.
Here are their names: Vasily Semenovich Khvostov, Mikhail Semenovich Khvostov, Alexander Semenovich Khvostov, Vasily Lukyanovich Misharin, Alexander Lukyanovich Misharin, Alexander Yarygin, Yurygin Yegorovich, Yegor Yegorovich Yaror, Yegor Yarigin, Dmitri Andreevich Khripunov, Vasily Andreevich Khripunov.
In the 30 years of the XX century. painting in the Wet Edom (Permogorye) finally died out.
The students get acquainted with the colors that Permogorsky masters used, with the concepts: the main color, the accompanying color and the animation, the outline.
Practical part. Exercise “Wizard Palette”. The children try to apply the main color with a brush, mix the main color with the yellow concoction, mix yellow and green colors, learn to draw a thin, lively black line – lively (you can, if you do not have a thin brush, perform a metal pen).
The figure shows the exercises that are performed in pencil without interruption: various forms of bushes, leaves, cranberries and cranberries.
Numbers 1-4 show the step-by-step construction of the elements in color.
In the future, the sequence of work in color over elements and compositions is repeated:
1st stage – all work is done with yellow paint;
2nd stage – then add a green color;
3rd stage – apply the main red color;
4th stage – the liquefaction is carried out, the outline is black paint.
Movement of the hand is easy, alive. In the lower row, compilation and sequential execution of a simple composition. Such a composition children can decorate the corner of the album, in which they will be engaged in lessons to study Permogorskaya painting. These elements are an integral part of the painting of any object made by the Permogorian master.
The first two rows of the table make it possible to learn how to easily and fluently perform this element.
The third, fourth and fifth rows show a phased work on flowers of three species.
After studying this element, it will be rational to perform the composition in a band of familiar elements. For example, you can make a bookmark for a book.
This element is the most complex, children should try to withstand the symmetry in the image of the flower. It is appropriate to remind them of the meaning of the word “symmetry” (commensurability, sameness in the arrangement of parts on opposite sides).
The tulip consists of several elements, including leaves, and an element of a three-lobed flower, and berries. Children perform the exercise in pencil. Then use the table, copy the image of the bottom row and achieve similarities with Fig. 4. Step-by-step work in color is shown in Fig.
Pergomon bird cocks
In the first two series – exercises to perform the cockerel, chicken, poultry. Images are different, and children should note this. All lines are very smooth, soft, alive. In Fig. 1-4 shows the step-by-step execution of an element in color. Using familiar elements, it is appropriate to fix the composition in a square, that is, to perform a panel (a picture or an ornament decorating a section of a wall, a ceiling).
Let the children come up with their own compositions for the breadbasket, for the sledges, for the cradle-cradle, and so on.
Using these tables, you can conduct art lessons: make a square box-box and a dish in papier-mache lessons, make a primer under the tree, paint these products with Permogorsk painting. You can also use stencils of spoons, scoops, large spinning wheels, made of paper, tuesk and nabiruh, etc.
At the end of the study of the theme “Permogorskaya painting” to hold a bright and informative exhibition of children’s works called “Permian Fair”, since it was in Permogorye in the late XIX – early XX centuries. passed famous for all gubernia cheerful fairs where masters gathered from everywhere to show themselves and see others.