State weapons ward

State weapons ward

State weapons ward

Cap of Monomakh. The end of the 13th century is the beginning of the 14th century.

State weapons ward. The State Armory Chamber is the oldest museum of the Soviet Union. It is located in the heart of Moscow, its historical center – the Kremlin.

In his halls and funds are concentrated the best works of Russian and foreign arts and crafts, which are closely related to the history of the emergence and development of the Russian state.
The Armory Chamber collection is unique.
It was composed for several centuries from items of treasuries of Moscow princes and kings.
The oldest of the precious relics are mentioned still in the spiritual literacy of Ivan Kalita
(the first half of the 14th century). And if in his will it was about individual things, then in the beginning of the 16th century, Ivan’s account was already conducted on caskets and chests.
The treasury of Ivan the Terrible was especially rich: to take his treasures to Novgorod, he needed 450 sledges!
Many of the jewels with which the treasury was replenished were made in the Kremlin workshops (before they were called chambers).

State weapons ward

Евангелие в золотом окладе 17 век.

One of them is the Armory (the oldest and largest) and gave the name to the museum. It opened to visitors after the victory in the Patriotic War of 1812. For a long time, the doors of the museum were opened only for the aristocratic nobility and rich merchants.
The Soviet power that won in October 1917 made the exhibits of the Armory Chamber a national treasure, and the museum itself became public.
The Armory Chamber includes nine exposition halls. They store ancient weapons and military armor, state regalia and coronation accessories, Old Russian books with the rarest miniatures in precious salaries, silver and gold dishes, ancient carriages, golden sewing fabrics and clothing from them …

State weapons ward

Barmes of the 12th century.

State weapons ward

But not the brilliance of gold and silver, not the shine of precious stones and pearls, not the enormous material value of products amazes everyone who passes through the halls of the museum.
In the objects of decorative and applied art from the collections of the Armory Chamber, the high technique and skill of execution, the subtle artistic taste and the inexhaustible imagination of masters from the people are first of all amazed. Looking at all this wealth, involuntarily come to mind the words of the great proletarian writer M. Gorky: “The founders of art were potters, blacksmiths and goldsmiths, weavers and weavers, masons, carpenters, wood carvers and bones, armourers, painters, tailors, dressmakers and in general artisans, people whose artistic works, delighting our eyes, fill museums “.