The Pushkin State Museum
State the museum imaging art name Pushkina
The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts – the largest collection of monuments of world art – occupies one of the prominent places among the most famous museums in the world. It was created on the initiative of IV Tsvetayev, a remarkable figure of Russian culture, who was able to arouse public interest in the creation of the museum, raise funds for its construction and pick up interesting exhibits that laid the foundation for the museum collection. The laying of the museum, authored by the architect R. Klein, took place on August 17, 1898. And only fourteen years later, on May 31, 1912, in Moscow, on the site of the former Kolymazhny yard on Volkhonka, the new Museum of Fine Arts opened (as it was called until 1932).
The very building of the museum, built in neoclassical style, is of considerable artistic interest. Its facade is decorated with Ural marble, and in the decoration of the interior precious stones of stone extracted in the quarries of Greece, Italy, Hungary and Belgium were used. The decorative and architectural decoration of the halls is designed to remind of the architecture of different times and peoples. Originally, the museum’s collection consisted mainly of Egyptian antiquities, numismatics and plaster casts from ancient Greek and Roman sculpture, as well as Western European plastics of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Nowadays the Pushkin Museum collection consists of three main sections: the Ancient World art, the picture gallery numbering more than three thousand paintings, and the drawing and graphics department, which holds about 350 thousand original sheets.
The most valuable is the picture gallery, whose history begins in 1924.
In that year the collection of the museum was replenished with masterpieces of Western European painting from the former Rumyantsev Museum and private collections of the Yusupovs, Shuvalovs, Brokars, Shchukin nationalized after the Great October Socialist Revolution. However, the paintings of the world famous painters Rubens, Rembrandt, Poussin, Watteau, who arrived in 1930 from the Leningrad Hermitage, were of decisive importance for the formation of the picture gallery of the Pushkin Museum … In 1948, the picture gallery, completed with 19th-century paintings, expanded due to works by contemporary artists from the collections Museum of New Western Art. At different times, the museum received dozens of paintings from collectors, private individuals and artists – Matisse, Guttuso, Kent, Rivera … As you travel through the museum halls, you can get acquainted with the paintings of many countries of Western Europe: Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, France, Germany , England.
An extensive collection of Italian painting is represented by works of different eras and schools. The paintings of Renaissance artists are most interesting. The best of them are “Annunciation” by Sandro Botticelli and “St. Sebastian »Giovanni Boltraffio.
The collection of Flemish painting of the 17th century is remarkable in that it includes paintings by the most talented masters of that time: incomparable Rubens, his disciple Van Dyck, Snyderers and Jordaens.
No less impressive is the Dutch painting of the 17th century. A constellation of artists – Averkamp, Reysdaille, Klaas, Heda, De Hoch, Terborch, Ostade, famous for himself in various genres of fine art, – crowns the name of Rembrandt. Pushkin Museum by right can be proud of the fact that it stores six canvases of the great master.
In the collection of Spanish painting there are excellent paintings of Zurbaran, Ribera, Murillo, whose work is distinguished by democracy, adherence to nature, close attention to the nature of man.
Any gallery of the world would have done honor to the collection of the French painting of the Pushkin Museum. The development of French art can be traced from Poussin, the largest artist of the 17th century, to the illustrious contemporary master Picasso.
The pride of the Pushkin Museum is the richest collection of Impressionist paintings. No one will be left indifferent by the full glamor of the female images of Renoir, the exact pictures of Degas, the unique landscapes of Sisley and Pissarro, the airiness and luminosity of the paintings of Monet … The canvases of the next generation that have entered the history of world art under the name of post-impressionists are also widely represented. The hall of the museum is adorned with the works of Toulouse-Lautrec, Cezanne, Van Gogh, Gauguin. The section of French painting of the 20th century is represented by paintings by the greatest masters – Matisse, Derain, Vlaminck, Bonnard, Marche, Picasso, Leger, Fougeron. The last decades in the history of the Pushkin Museum are marked by unprecedented scope of exhibition activity. Within its walls there are often exhibitions organized in exchange with the largest museums in the world. The treasures of the Pushkin Museum and periodicals pursue one goal: to acquaint spectators with the most interesting phenomena in the history of world culture, to introduce them to the beautiful world of art.
We talked about only a few art museums in Moscow – the list of them is easy to continue. But no story can replace that trembling sensation that is born with its own eyes, when it comes into contact with the beautiful world of art. And if you want to survive a few bright and joyful minutes, get acquainted with the heritage of Russian and multinational Soviet culture, and replenish your knowledge and impressions of the masterpieces of masters of different times and peoples, Aeroflot will be happy to help you with this!The Pushkin State Museum